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Types of Industrial Robots - 7 Major Types of Industrial Robots

Types of Industrial Robots – 7 Major Types of Industrial Robots

Types of Industrial Robots: Industrial robots are autonomous machines designed to perform routine, or dangerous, and complex tasks faster, more efficiently, and more accurately than humans. Dependence on individuals has been reduced and intervention programs are improved and efficient. Choosing the right robot from the right manufacturer is key to a company’s business success. In this article, we will present an overview of robots used in commercial applications. We highlight their strengths, weaknesses, and other uses to understand how their policies affect business performance.


The word robot does not come from humans. Robots, however, did not advance much until the 19th century, aided by new metal, electrical, and electronic, technologies. Although the efficiency of electrical devices seems to be increasing, advances in information and communication technology allow robots to be more efficient than ever before. Robots have become a part of our lives. An effective robot has the following characteristics:

  • Driver: This is the part that provides the robot with the necessary memory and power. The robot operator acts as the brain of the entire control system.
  • Sensors: Robots use sensors to gather information from their environment. The sensors are the robot’s eyes and ears.
  • Engine and Power Supply. Robots can use electricity, wind, water, or other devices to generate and convert the energy they need.
  • Robotic arm: A robotic arm designed to mimic a human hand consists of several parts with joints that connect them.
  • End of the arm tooling (EOAT)/end effectors: An EOAT is a tool and device attached to the end of a robot arm that performs tasks such as welding, material handling, painting, assembly, and more. Some bots support editing. E.O.O.O. Perform various tasks. and

What are the Different Types of Industrial Robots and What are their Use

There are many different types of robots on the market, each with its advantages and disadvantages. This section describes the capabilities of popular Industrial Robots and identifies their advantages, disadvantages, and applications.

Cartesian Robot Control

Cartesian Robot Control

A Cartesian robot, also known as a walking robot, is a mechanical robot that moves in a straight line and walks in space. They move parallel to each other through x, y, and z. Cartesian robots create work cubes/folders. The famous French mathematician Ren Descartes is famous for combining geometry and algebra (meaning separately). The main advantages of Cartesian robots:

  1.   Simple design and implementation. Cartesian robots are known for their simplicity. Since only the x and yz axis is traversed, it is easy to configure, adjust, and control.
  2.  High accuracy. Cartesian robots are easy to control due to their simplicity and functionality. They are less flexible and suitable for more precise applications.
  3.  Affordable: The simplicity of Cartesian robots and the flexibility of the system make them easy.

The main disadvantage of Cartesian robots:

  1. Take up more space: Cartesian robots require the most space of all Industrial Robots.
  2. Limited speed and acceleration: Cartesian robots move slowly, making them unsuitable for fast handling.
  3. Lack of flexibility: An invariant Cartesian robot only operates through certain actions. It is difficult to change them.

Cartesian robots are used for product picking and placement and are commonly found in packaging and sourcing applications. It is also used for cutting, or coating, 3D printing, and automated CNC tools.

Articulated Types of Industrial Robots

Articulated Types of Industrial Robots

An articulated robot is a mechanical robot with rotating joints. A robot is simple, complex, and behaves like a human arm. In complex installations, the number of these connections can be 10 or more.

The main advantages of communication robots:

  1. High Flexibility: Robot prosthetics have multiple articulation wheels suitable for different applications.
  2. High Speed: Artificial robots can work very quickly and are useful tools for improving internal processes.

The main disadvantages of artificial robots:

  1. Complexity: Rotary and robots need to be more mechanically complex than robots that move linearly or laterally.
  2. Expensive: Artificial robots are complex to build and operate, and expensive to buy and maintain.

A robot is a group of robots and machines.

Circular Types of Industrial Robots

Circular Types of Industrial Robots

A circular robot is a mechanical robot that rotates on an auxiliary axis by a prismatic joint. The robot has three axes, two linear and one circular. A spider attached to the bottom of the robot can also move its arm up and down to create circular pockets for work.

The main advantages of circular robots:

  1. Lifting: Round robots can easily lift heavy objects with the power of the robot’s arm.

The main disadvantages of spherical robots:

  1. Takes up more space: Round robots take up more space, have fewer facilities, and are less sophisticated than other Industrial Robots.

Cylindrical robots are used for welding, tool holding, assembly, painting, and many other applications, that have a circular shape.

Delta Types of Industrial Robots

Industrial Robots

The Delta Robot is an industrial robot made of a fixed rectangle. The frame can be attached directly to the workpiece, and each arm is equipped with a servo motor. The motor shaft is attached to an arm called the bicep, the arm perpendicular to the rotating motor shaft. This makes moving parts easier, faster, and faster to work with. Developed by Drs. Illustrated by Invented. Swiss Institute of Technology (EPFL). A research group led by Raymond Clewell. Delta’s inspiration for this robot came from a visit to a chocolate factory where he had to order chocolate. [1] 8. Explain. The main advantages of the Delta robot:

  1. Fast and agile: thanks to several moving parts, delta robots can move and maneuver very quickly.

The main disadvantages of Delta Robot:

  1. High load capacity: The light-moving parts of the Delta robot are not suitable for lifting heavy loads.

Delta Robots specializes in the selection and rapid processing of medicines and food.

Polar Types of Industrial Robots

Types of Industrial Robots

Mast robots or mast robots are robots with two rotating joints and a cable connection. The linear interface makes it easy to expand the controller, allowing you to expand the workspace around it, giving you a circular workspace. Victor Scheinman first designed the white robotic arm when he invented the Stanford arm in 1969. It is one of the electric vehicles flying in space under full computer control. The main advantages of mast robots are:

  1. Good lifting capacity: Robots can easily lift heavy objects thanks to their strong joints.

The main advantages of the pole robot:

  1. Big steps: Building robots doesn’t make good use of available workspace, so these robots are big.
  2. Complex design: Many combinations complicate the design of pole robots.
  3. Expensive: Delta robots are expensive to purchase and maintain due to their complex nature.

Currently, robotics is replacing robotics due to the high efficiency of the latter.

SCARA Types of Industrial Robots


As the name suggests, SCRAs are special robots whose joints can rotate. It is flexible on the x and y-axis and rigid on the z-axis. Professor Hiroshi Makino developed the first SCRA robot in 1978 at Yamanashi University in Japan. Its ability to perform multiple tasks with minimal movement sets it apart from other robots of the time. [2] In 1981, the Skara robot entered the commercial sector and provided excellent performance at a low cost. The main advantages of the SCRA robot are:

Reproducibility: SCRA has the best reproducibility of all described robots.

  1. Easy to mount and small footprint: It’s easy to set up and doesn’t take up much space: Skara robots swivel on their bases for easy setup in tight spaces and small spaces. The combined installation area is small and does not interfere with neighboring buildings.
  2. Speed between high speeds: The ability of the SCARA (like the Delta robot) to be glued to the surface fixed to the work area makes it accident-resistant and works harder than other models with quick access.  Robots like Delta Robot and Cartesian Robot.

The disadvantages of the SCRA robot are:

  1. Suitable for light/medium weights: SCARA robots are designed to lift 10 kilograms, so they are not suitable for carrying heavy objects.

Collaborative Robots

Collaborative Robots

Collaborative robots work together and perform tasks designed for them. Because collaboration is not human. Cobots use sensors to detect unexpected human behavior and operate safely. Sometimes robots have to work less with people around. However, they must maintain their policies and procedures to use them in an institutional setting. Cobots with many obstacles and components have a very complex design. It is expensive, but it promises to increase the productivity of the people who own it. The main advantages of Collaborative robots are:

  1. Human safety: Working with cobots is not safe. Unlike traditional Industrial Robots, they have soft shells and different sensors that allow humans to work with them without risk of injury.
  2. Ease of use: Cobots have easy-to-use interfaces. It is based on human behavior and communication is as natural as possible.
  3. Flexibility and Adaptability: Collaboratives can easily adapt to different applications.

The main disadvantages of Collaborative robots are:

  1. Limited speed: To ensure the safety of people working nearby, then the bulldozer must move at high speed even if it cannot move the material.
  2. Expensive and bulky: All the sensors needed to add functionality make robots more expensive and larger than other robots that don’t work around humans.
  3. Different agreements are needed: Different laws in additional countries make humanoid robots safe enough to work with. Obtaining all necessary licenses to develop and deliver modules is a long process.

Robots have many jobs, including screwdrivers, polishers, locksmiths, basket cleaners, and more.


From simple tools for repetitive tasks to complex and powerful machines that can do anything, Industrial Robots have been around for a long time since they emerged. Rapid advances in human intelligence, along with advances in electronics, will continue to shape Industrial Robots.

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