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What Is a Civil Lawyer?

What Is a Civil Lawyer? – What Does a Civil Litigation Lawyer Do and How much do they Cost?

What Is a Civil Lawyer?: A civil attorney, also known as a civil attorney or litigator, handles noncriminal cases and litigation. For example, if you got divorced or started a business, you may have done so with the help of a defendant.

To better understand what a civil law lawyer is, especially in comparison with other lawyers, it is helpful to discuss the differences between civil and other law. Civil law is intended to address behavior that causes some sort of injury, either to an individual or some other party. This is done through the utilization of lawsuits.

What is a Civil Lawyer?

“Civil lawyer”  is a generic term for lawyers who practice non-criminal law. Trial attorneys may practice in multiple areas, but often specialize in one area—personal injury, real estate, or estate planning, for example.

Types of civil Lawyers

Many types of attorneys fall under the common law category. This can include:

  • Real estate lawyers
  • Labor and labor law attorneys
  • Intellectual Property Attorney
  • Workers Compensation Attorneys
  • Commercial lawyers
  • Personal Injury Attorneys
  • Labor Law Attorneys
  • Family Court Attorneys
  • Environmental advocates
  • Human rights lawyers

What does a Civil Lawyer do?

Civil litigators represent their clients in civil cases. You can work with individuals, companies, and government agencies. A public defender can assist his client with the initial filing and with the hearing, a possible trial, and the judgment.

They can also decide whether a case needs to be brought before a judge or whether an out-of-court resolution through mediation, arbitration, and/or negotiation is possible. In addition, litigants can help understand the legal jargon and procedures that may be required when bringing a lawsuit against someone.

What is the Civil Litigation Process Like?

The civil process can be intimidating. But understanding how the system works and what to expect from your attorney can make a difference.

The civil process could look like this: 


When a client first hires a lawyer, he files a lawsuit in court. This is a statement that explains why they are suing the other party. Once filed, the petition and subpoena are served on the defendant – the person or entity against whom he is suing. This allows them to know what is being said against them and gives them time to respond.


If the defendant responds to the subpoena, his attorney enters the investigative phase. This is where information and evidence about the claim is collected and a case against the defendant is initiated.

Next Steps

After all relevant information has been gathered, the plaintiff will decide how best to proceed – whether to try to reach a settlement or to take the case to court. From there, they will work with the accused and their attorney to reach an agreement that works for everyone. Or they hear the case before a judge and a jury, who then decide the outcome.

When to Hire a Civil Lawyer

There are several reasons why businesses and individuals may sue or be sued for civil law violations. Some civil law disputes are resolved through mediation or settled in a small claims court, in which a party to the lawsuit will represent themselves.

It may be necessary for a civil lawsuit to be heard and decided by a civil court. This is especially true when the matter could lead to serious legal consequences, such as paying civil fines or a large amount of monetary damages. In such circumstances, it may be necessary to hire a Civil Lawyer.

In terms of business law, a Civil Lawyer may also be the best option when a business is involved in a real estate transaction. An example of this would be acquiring another business, or purchasing a piece of property. A Civil Lawyer can negotiate with a landlord or the opposing counsel on behalf of their client. Additionally, they can draft and review final agreements, as well as provide representation in court should any disputes arise during the negotiation process.

How Much Does a Civil Lawyer Cost?

Several factors go into the price including the specific industry your attorney is in, their level of experience, their location, and the amount of work your case requires. In addition, many attorneys charge a fee in addition to their hourly rate to cover any additional costs incurred throughout the legal process.

On average, a lawyer’s hourly rate in the US is more than $3914. This is a good starting point for estimating the cost of filing a civil lawsuit. However, this number varies greatly. Consider speaking directly to several attorneys in your area to get an accurate idea of how much your case might cost.

Do you need to hire a Public Defender? Consider legal expenses insurance
If you think you may need to file a civil suit, consulting a civil attorney is a good first step. They can help you understand the process and guide you in the right course of action going forward.


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