Coronavirus Disease

Coronavirus Disease 2019 – Symptoms And Causes


Coronavirus Disease is a family of viruses that can cause illnesses such as the common cold, severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS), and Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS). In 2019, a new coronavirus identify as the cause of a disease outbreak that originated in China. The virus is now known as severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2).

The disease it causes is called coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). In March 2020, the World Health Organization (WHO) declared the COVID-19 outbreak a pandemic. Public health groups, including the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and WHO, are monitoring the pandemic and posting updates on their websites. These groups have also issued recommendations to prevent and treat the disease.

Signs And Symptoms Of Coronavirus Disease 2019 (Covid-19):

Signs and symptoms of coronavirus disease (COVID-19) can appear two to 14 days after exposure. This time after exposure and before you have symptoms is called the incubation period. Common signs and symptoms can include:

  • Fever
  • Cough
  • Tiredness

Therefore, early symptoms of Coronavirus may include a loss of taste or smell.

Other Symptoms Can Include:

  • Shortness of breath or difficulty breathing
  • Muscle aches
  • Chills
  • Sore throat
  • Runny nose
  • Headache
  • Chest pain
  • Pink eye (conjunctivitis)
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Diarrhoea
  • Rash

As a result, this list is not all-inclusive. Children have similar symptoms to adults and generally have mild illnesses. Set time with the beginning of the symptoms. Although most people have mild to moderate symptoms, the disease can cause severe medical complications and lead to death in some people. Older adults or people with existing medical conditions are at greater risk of becoming seriously ill for instance.

Increase The Risk Of Serious Illness From Covid Include:

  • Serious heart diseases, such as heart failure, coronary artery disease or cardiomyopathy
  • Cancer
  • Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)
  • Type 1 or type 2 diabetes
  • Overweight, obesity or severe obesity
  • High blood pressure
  • Smoking
  • Chronic kidney disease
  • Sickle cell disease or thalassemia
  • Weakened immune system from solid organ transplants
  • Asthma
  • Chronic lung diseases such as cystic fibrosis or pulmonary fibrosis
  • Liver disease
  • Dementia
  • Down syndrome
  • Weakened immune system from bone marrow transplant, HIV or some medications
  • Brain and nervous system conditions
  • Substance use disorders

When To See A Doctor Emergency Signs And Symptoms Can Include:

  • Trouble breathing
  • Persistent chest pain or pressure
  • Inability to stay awake
  • New confusion
  • Pale, grey or blue-coloured skin, lips or nail beds depending on skin tone

Let your doctor know if you are an older adult or have chronic medical conditions, such as heart disease or lung disease, as you may have a greater risk of becoming seriously ill with Covid-19. During the pandemic, it’s important to make sure health care is available for those in greatest need. Infection with the new coronavirus (severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 or SARS-CoV-2) so, causes coronavirus disease (COVID-19).

Spreads Easily Among People:

The virus that causes COVID-19 spreads easily among people because over time it continues to be discovered how it spreads. The data showed that it spreads mainly from person to person among those in close contact (within about 6 feet or 2 meters).

  • The virus is spread via respiratory droplets released for instance
  • When someone with the virus coughs, sneezes, breathes, sings, or talks.
  • These droplets can be inhaled or land in the mouth such as the nose, or eyes of a person nearby.

Airborne Transmission:

In some situations, the COVID-19 virus can spread from a person exposed to small droplets or aerosols that remain in the air for several minutes or hours, called airborne transmission. But it is not yet known how common it is for the virus to spread in this way.

It can also spread if a person touches a surface or object with the virus on it. Then, touches their mouth, nose, or eyes, but the risk is low. There have been some infections of the virus that causes COVID-19, but these have been rare.

Planning To Travel:

If you’re planning to travel, first check the CDC and WHO websites for updates and advice. Be prepare to wear a mask and use appropriate hand hygiene when in public. You may also want to talk with your doctor if you have health conditions that make you more susceptible to respiratory infections and complications.


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